Pediatricians give special physical, emotional, and psychological care to their patients, young children, infants, and adolescents. They perform pediatric diagnostic tests to get detailed information on the child’s health status and administer appropriate treatments, medicines, therapies, and vaccinations to cure or treat certain diseases, disorders, or injuries in children. Pediatricians are also involved in the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of severely ill children. They have to assess the needs of these patients and prescribe treatment programs and activities.
A pediatric specialist is a doctor who specializes in treating childhood and pediatric ailments. He is the one responsible for diagnosing and treating any child, adult, or even fetus with any serious disease. Pediatric doctors are well-versed with the diagnosis, signs, symptoms, and treatments of different childhood and other medical conditions. For instance, he knows well what to look for during cardiac catheterizations, electrocardiograms, MRIs, and X-rays to diagnose heart diseases. He can diagnose certain heart diseases that occur suddenly and have no previous history by doing physical examinations, blood tests, or urine tests.
Some pediatricians choose to specialize in certain fields such as pediatrics, geriatrics, emergency, and critical care, maternal/child health, and others. Pediatric specialists may even specialize in diseases and disorders of newborn, children, teens, and adults. In general, they are employed in hospitals, research institution, or in any medical facility that treats and diagnosis diseases and disorders of human, animal, or other species. Children’s wards of pediatricians have more chances of developing allergies or infections due to low oxygen availability.
Pediatricians specializing in Jacksonville Pediatrics perform pediatric surgery for those children who suffer from acute or chronic illness such as acute respiratory distress syndrome, asthma, bronchitis, colitis, constipation, diarrhea, developmental disabilities, allergies, hepatitis, laryngeal papillomatosis, ear infections, urinary tract infection, varicose veins, head injuries, inguinal hernia, neck injury, and head trauma. They also evaluate and treat musculoskeletal disorders, neurological conditions, traumatic brain injury, intrauterine insemination, or in vitro fertilization (IVF). Pediatricians usually treat patients with bacterial infections, allergic rhinitis, bacterial meningitis, conjunctivitis, viral sinusitis, head injuries, gastroenteritis, gastrointestinal disorders, jaw problems, pediatric epilepsy, nutritional disorders, skin disease, and pediatric infectious disease. Some pediatricians may specialize in specific diseases and disorders such as cystic fibrosis, diabetes, anemia, childhood leukemia, asthma, head injury, hypothalamic lesions, myelodysplasia, osteomalacia, patellar congenital deformation, shoulder or elbow joint deformities, stuttering, urinary tract infections, and food allergies.
Pediatric endocrinologists are usually diagnosed when the adults exhibit signs and symptoms of metabolic disorders, such as increased hunger, decreased body temperature, increased heart rate, insomnia, increased thirst, and urination and others. These manifestations usually appear between childhood and adolescence and persist until adulthood. They are considered a pediatric medical illness due to the inability of the body’s systems to properly regulate energy use. A child is considered to have these conditions if he or she has a history of abnormal weight gain or loss, consistently falls short of the growth in height, or has sluggish reflexes, constant crankiness or excessive handiness or if they exhibit unusually low levels of activity. Some of these children might even be born with the metabolic syndrome.
Pediatricians can treat children with attention deficit disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Aspergers syndrome, autism, bipolar disorder, and reactive depression. In addition, they can treat adults with heart palpitations, chest pains, migraine headaches, restless leg syndrome, high blood pressure, osteoporosis, kidney stones, and ulcerative colitis. Some physicians specialize in treating children with Aspergers syndrome, autism spectrum disorders, and other developmental disorders. These physicians usually treat children with physical ailments, behavioral challenges, and learning difficulties and refer them to appropriate medical professionals. They can also refer their clients to psychiatrists or psychologists if the issues related to these disorders do not subside after careful evaluation and treatment by the pediatricians.
Developmental disabilities can be diagnosed through pediatricians if the behaviors of the child do not improve over time or if the child exhibits sudden, extreme changes in personality that may be diagnosed as autistic or as just part of growing up. Specific conditions such as cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, and Fragile X syndrome may also be detected at an earlier age. Pediatricians can identify and treat disorders such as thyroid disorders, muscular or skeletal disorders, diabetes, asthma, epilepsy, migraine headaches, attention deficit disorder, and other diseases and illnesses related to the digestive system, brain, and nervous system.
These specialists care for the health of infants and children. In addition, they can diagnose and treat illnesses and disorders in adults and can administer and perform surgery. If necessary, they can even substitute and provide emergency medicine and first aid in cases that require a quick assistance. They can treat and heal wounds and other illnesses, which makes them excellent emergency health providers and lifesavers for adolescents and all ages.